A high-risk pregnancy is one that threatens the health or life of the mother or her fetus. It often requires specialized care from specially trained providers. Some pregnancies become high risk as they progress, while some women are at increased risk for complications even before they get pregnant for a variety of reasons.
Early and regular prenatal care helps many women have healthy pregnancies and deliveries without complications. Women with high-risk pregnancies should receive care from a special team of health care providers to ensure the best possible outcomes. Risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy can include:
- Existing health conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or being HIV Positive.
- Overweight and obesity. Obesity increases the risk for high blood pressure, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, stillbirth, neural tube defects, and cesarean delivery.
- Multiple births. The risk of complications is higher in women carrying more than one fetus (twins and higher-order multiples). Common complications include preeclampsia, premature labor, and preterm birth.
- Young or old maternal age. Pregnancy in teens and women aged 35 or older increases the risk for preeclampsia and gestational high blood pressure.
Frequently Asked Questions
Apart from ensuring the health and age of the mother, a woman can avoid high-risk pregnancies by getting proper food and physical activity along with proper immunization.
Consult an obstetrician and ensure to undergo proper antenatal care and frequent health check-ups.